About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a region in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has a single of the biggest populations in the environment. The region is an archipelago of a significant team of islands surrounded by crystal crystal clear water and gorgeous and special coral reefs. Of the 7,107 islands in the Philippines the biggest is Luzon, at one zero five square kilometres and just more than fifty p.c of the islands in the region have names, and only 350 islands are greater than 2 and a half kilometres square. The tallest mountain array can be identified on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the major of the mountain reaches more than 2743 square meters. The tallest mountain peak can be identified on the second biggest island in the region Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like numerous other mountains in the region Mount Apo is an energetic volcano. Luzon is also the internet site of the money of Manila the biggest and most critical Philippine metropolis. Manila has a port that stretches around Manila bay for hundreds of many years Manila bay has been the country’s coronary heart of delivery and trade. The Visayas make up the middle element of the Philippine islands. The biggest islands in the Visayas include Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the region and the second biggest island in the Philippines the island actions 94,seven hundred square kilometres.

The islands

The Philippine islands were being fashioned by volcanoes and are element of a mountain chain that is generally less than water. The interior of most of the islands have numerous rugged mountains with dense rain forest and simply because of the repeated rain slide there are numerous rivers streams and waterfalls that continually surge down the mountain sides. Simply because of the dense mountain rainforest and repeated rain slide the Philippines is endowed with amazing sceneries in just the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls superb caves and rock formations. However a whole lot of the rain forest is disappearing just before the Spanish arrived in the 1500 more than 90 p.c of the Philippine islands were being lined in rain forest. To date the region has dropped near to a single-third of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been employed and cut down for its timber and to crystal clear land for farms and homes.

The shoreline

With more than 7000 islands the region has a coast line far more than 36,three hundred kilometres in size. The beach locations and shoreline differs across the region are pretty sandy in destinations these types of as Boracay which is well known for its gorgeous picturesque tropical white sand beach locations. With tropical plants and palm trees escalating on these superb beach locations. On some island coast traces are pretty rocky in area and in some destinations you will locate gray white sand beach locations and significant inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos count on contemporary water from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and own working day-to-working day dwelling prerequisites these types of as ingesting and washing. Pasig River is a single of the biggest rivers in the region and flows by means of the money of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows by means of the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Simply because the region is sitting down on the pacific ring of fireplace implies the Philippines have a whole lot of energetic Volcanoes. One of the most well known volcanic eruptions come about in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for numerous hundreds of many years Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted far more than a thousand persons killed or hurt and remaining hundreds of persons homeless. The explosion made a large ash cloud that lined far more than one hundred twenty five thousand square kilometres blanketing the space in ash rock and darkness. One of the most energetic volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also identified as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted 48 occasions in the previous four hundred many years. Mount Mayo situated on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a national park in the year 2003. The Mayo volcano is a correctly shaped cone that towers 2462 meters previously mentioned the land. Mayon Last key eruption was in February 1814, when it wrecked three towns and lined a different two with volcanic ash and hot larva about 1600 persons died because of to this eruption.

The Philippine People today

For hundreds of many years numerous distinctive forms persons and nations have been element of the Philippines the consequence is a region and persons with a special blend of numerous cultures. About thirty,000 BC Stone Age persons settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the region was later on joined by the Negritos that came across land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and centuries latter joined by readers from Malaya India china and the middle east. Magellan was the to start with European to established foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his adult men were being killed in the course of the battle of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain recognized a long term settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Household religion and education are pretty critical in Filipino lifestyle.

Temperature dwelling in the metropolis or the region or on an isolated island loved ones, religion and education are pretty extremely valued by just about every single a single Filipinos have numerous good values these types of as respect for authority and a large regard for the dignity of all the persons.


Most Filipinos hold robust religious beliefs they routinely consider element in religious ceremonies rejoice holy times with significant festivals. The Spanish where pretty thriving in converting the Filipino to Christianity generating the Philippine the only Christian country in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the populace, 5 % of the populace are Sunni Muslim’s the biggest no Christian team in the region. Most early Filipinos were being animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits identified as anitos they considered theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Several Filipinos believe in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic perception performs an critical element in the daily daily life of most Filipinos.The Philippine persons worship Christ mom Mary and other holy persons identified as saints numerous Filipinos beautify their homes trics jeepneys boats faculties of illustrations or photos of Christ and mom Mary.

Nearby islands and china introduced Islam to the Philippines these days there are a number of million Filipinos that observe the religion of Islam. Some Filipinos practice Taoism which is a religious perception that originated in china the most significant Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino loved ones

The Filipino loved ones the essential units of the Philippine social group which includes the father the mom and kids the bilateral extended loved ones which incorporates all relations of the Father and Mother. Of distinctive relevance the bond and unity fashioned by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their loved ones as a source of toughness and protection. It is not unconventional for unmarried daughters and sons to reside at house with their moms and dads, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The loved ones are pretty near and if someone needs help other individuals chip in and do what they can to help the loved ones member in will need. The father-husband is the head of the loved ones and is generally unconditionally obeyed by his wife and kids. The father part and duty is to meet the monetary needs of the loved ones. The Filipino father is the major source of discipline in the loved ones and in some cases makes use of corporal punishment on both sons and daughters although corporal punishment employed on kids in the Philippines is now slowly and gradually acquiring employed fewer and fewer because of to the Philippine modern society training and implementing new values on increasing kids. The kids a whole lot of Filipino mothers pamper their kids these has the effect of prolonging the childhood of the kids they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood obligations and anticipations are kept under the child’s potential this treatment and passion lavished on the kids generates a feeling of belonging and protection. As a consequence the kids will constantly add to parent’s monetary assist and emotional assist and protection. The traditional Filipino wife and mom consider treatment of all the details to make sure the loved ones features as a dwelling and loving organised loved ones device. The mom is in charge of the house and all the details pertaining to the kids these types of as cooking the loved ones meal seeing the kids are clothed and prepared for university the having to pay of wage to the maids (ya -ya) and all other family bills. Peculiar as it could seem girls share equivalent area with gentleman in Philippine modern society woman participation in qualified get the job done and politics is completely approved this equality can be traced back to historic Malayan custom.


Training Filipino kids go to six many years of elementary university and 4 many years of large university. Classes are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys major formal languages. A lot more than 90% of all elementary go to federal government faculties. From June until finally March Filipino kids invest their times at university courses get started around 8 in the early morning in the towns like Manila and in some cases around 7 am in the rural areas just before courses get started the kids salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a pretty large literacy fee which most persons in the region can read through and produce regrettably because of to the large unemployment fee and the small wage paid to decreased class personnel these types of as farmers and labours some kids have to fall out of university to get the job done and help to assist their families and some kids go to faculties that do not have plenty of university supplies and machines these types of as textbooks desks and chairs and personal computers.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 distinctive key dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass education of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino daily life. English was introduced so distinctive persons dwelling in distinctive elements of the Philippines could understand a single a different. The American declared English the region formal language in the course of the time they ruled the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine federal government made a decision to switch English with a language identified as Filipino also identified as Tagalog the most broadly spoken Philippine language especially throughout some of the key towns. Nowadays Filipino and English are the region formal languages. In distinctive elements of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can speak anywhere up to 4 languages and some occasions far more especially the persons who have traveled and lived in distinctive elements of the region. For case in point theses Filipinos can speak the language from the space they grew up in and lived in as a kid they also can speak English and Tagalog and in some cases a different language that is indigenous to where they reside as an adult or learnt as a kid. For case in point English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be 4 languages a single Filipino can speak.

The persons traditional dwelling

Half of the Philippine populace reside in the region in close proximity to mountains forest on compact islands or on the plains there are numerous forms of traditional homes Bahay kubo is a traditional rural house some time referred to as a nipa hut.The walls and flooring are built from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and worn out down to timber or bamboo to kind the roof. Other persons in the region facet reside in wooden house and other low-priced timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The far more wealthy region Filipino reside in a larger sized extravagant modern house and properties are built from cement bricks and cement.On a whole lot of Little Island and region areas the house has a single major room with a number of parts of home furniture and mats on the flooring where the loved ones sleeps.The kitchen area is generally in a different room with a wood burning stove and in some cases a compact gas stove relying on how isolated the loved ones is from the closest town. In the larger sized region towns numerous of the indigenous properties have electrical power and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are rare in compact villages although now far more and far more Little Islands and villages are receiving electrical power but there is still a whole lot of villages that do not. The Philippine persons that reside in an space that does not have electrical power or indoor plumbing get water from a local community very well and melt away kerosene lamps for lights in the evening

The people’s transportation

The to start with persons who migrated to the Philippine islands employed barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the most effective implies of transportation of very good and products from island to a different persons also count on these ships as ferries simply because the expense of a aircraft ticket are pretty high priced for the very low earnings families. Banca a slim wooden boat with an out boat motor attached to the back. The boat has wooden and bamboo frames extending from both sides of the boats that function like platoons avoiding the boat from tipping more than or capsizing. Early Filipinos employed these compact boats to trade and get supplies from neighboring islands.The larger sized banca boats are generally employed as persons ferries and significant commercial fishing boats.The lesser banca boats are employed for lesser journeys in calmer water. A traditional kind of transport is the pedicabs a tricycle with a facet cart this kind of transportation are still popular in some region towns and provinces especially on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the highway proof of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a compact bus built from jeeps remaining behind by the US army. The jeeps where reworked in to busses painted in lively glowing flamboyant colours and designs and adorned with mirrors multi-coloured lights and religious icons. The jeepney lesser brother the stainless steel jeep was built and produced for useful explanations fisherman complained that seawater and the ecosystem was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and produced the to start with jeep the jeep needs fewer upkeep simply because it is tricky and does not rust. The jeep is an perfect Philippine auto simply because they are adapted to the special Philippine weather especially from the harsh salt air and the unpredictable temperature.